Global carbon emissions remained flat for the third consecutive year, according to a BP study, which shows the fuel mix shifting away from coal towards low-carbon sources and energy efficiency.
The annual report found that renewables were the fastest growing energy source in 2016, accounting for almost a third of the increase, despite having a share of just 4%.
China’s solar and wind revolution means the country has displaced the US as the largest renewables producer. Growth in energy consumption was driven by China and India, which together account for around half of the rise in global demand.
Coal consumption fell by 1.7%, representing a second consecutive year of decline, with the largest reductions in the US and China.
The report showed that oil remained the world’s leading fuel, accounting for a third of global energy consumption. But slowing demand meant that global oil production witnessed its slowest growth since 2013.